The article is devoted to semantic analysis of non-suffixal surnames of contemporary Chełm inhabitants.
Based on the gathered material, an attempt has been made to define the meaning and etymology of anthroponyms, with their motivational roots including appellatives (names of jobs and people’s functions, their qualities, animals and plants’ names, topographic notions, abstracts, as well as adjectives), and other names (first names, ethnic and geographic names) of German origin.
It must be underlined that a significant influence on a large number of surnames of German origin, revealed among anthroponyms of contemporary Chełm inhabitants, has been made not only by the German, but also by the Jewish, coming to the town from all over the world.
There are various ways of self-presentation. Depending on what one wants to communicate, to whom and in what situation, auto-presentation takes different shapes, more or less consciously.
The article presents an analysis of lexis used by the authors of Internet social-matrimonial announcements, to articulate information about their physical qualities. The analysis has covered 700 ads placed from July until December 2003 on six social-matrimonial websites: www.1plus1.pl, www.afekt.waw.pl, www.lover.pl, www.poznaj.of.pl, www.razem.snug.pl, www.serduszko.pl.
The characteristics of appearance given both by men and by women included first of all such qualities as the figure, hair colour, hair style, height and the colour of eyes.
Physical portraits revealed in the ads are usually neutrally or positively evaluated. The message senders have used lexemes and common or slightly humorous structures. In order to sound trustworthy and reserved, they happen to refer to other people’s opinions, which prove qualities declared by the authors. To show distance they usually use modifiers.