ISSUE 5 / 2010


  • Teresa Smółkowa : Newspapers as a source of knowledge about language

    In the article, the author discusses several important newspapers’ features which are of a special value to a linguist.

    It has been pointed out that newspapers are an irreplaceable source to the studies of thematic fields and lexical layers (special, vernacular, environmental). Particular attention has been paid to the process of borrowings’ polonization, especially Anglo-American. The most striking feature of the newest and latest borrowings excerpted from the press and Internet texts is their level of spelling variance.

    Press texts which shape public opinion through announcing and explaining current events and phenomenons, give linguists the ability to work out and improve study methods of text function, especially limits among their informative, persuasive and manipulative function.

  • Barbara Pędzich : On żółw (a turtle), akwarium (aquarium) and koniczynka (clover), i.e. on environmental semantic neologisms (on the basis of paraglider’s vocabulary)
    The subject of the article are semantic neologisms present in paragliders’ sociolect, which is an example of new environmental variation of the Polish language. The author analysed noun semantic neologisms, which result from metaphorical use of the words in general language. Many of the described names one can recognize as metaphors yet stabilized, which are often the only definitions for objects and phenomenons. In case of some words, one can notice that the metaphorical process has not finished yet and can observe its transitory stage which precedes a complete record of a new meaning.
  • Anna Niepytalska-Osiecka : Functions of vocabulary and phraseology in rock-climbers’ dialect
    Research in the ways of language communication within rock-climbers community, has led to distinguish and describe functions of different vocabulary groups. The semantic and formal analysis of lexems and idioms in climbing dialect demonstrated that this local dialect develops on the boundary – it is partly environmental and partly professional. The aim of the research was to show the opposition of professional and non-professional vocabulary in rock-climbers’ dialect and to show professional lexis in nominative and communicative function and non-professional lexis in emotive function. The linguistic material was derived from spoken and written texts. The written texts come from Internet fora, websites of mountaineering clubs and subject literature whereas the spoken texts were gathered during talks with climbers.
  • Małgorzata Dawidziak-Kładoczna : Contemporary terminology tendencies of lodging houses in Polish mountains
    The aim of the article is to present the structure and the most important terminology tendencies used in forming contemporary names of lodging houses (hotels, villas, guest rooms, agritourism accomodation, hostels etc.) located in Polish mountains. The paper is set in trend of onomastics which studies contemporary micro-toponyms. The analysis leads to the conclusion that name-formation possibilities of lodging places are unlimited and enable to use words from mother tongue and foreign languages as well as create neologisms. Among 4424 units studied over 61% are motivated by proper names, mainly anthroponyms, toponyms and chrematonyms. In nomina appelativa (which involve almost 31% of the material) dominate names of plants, buildings, people, animals and topographic definitions. Onyms of lodging houses play various functions: identity and differential, descriptive, characterized and informative, persuasive. Of a great importance in choosing them are criteria: prestigious, esthetic and informative.
  • Joanna Smól : Linguistic ways of expressing negative emotions in the comments of „Allegro” auction service users
    The researches concerning Internet communication are methodologically located in psycholinguistics and pragmatics. The article describes linguistic ways of expressing nagative emotions by auction service „Allegro” users. The first part of the text was sacrificed to reasons which cause the appearance on service’s websites texts expressing emotions like dissatisfaction, sadness or anger. The second part of the paper deals with the ways of expressing these emotions by Internet users. The author analyses negative vocabulary which serves to deprecate an interlocutor and the ways of using imperative and infinitives in persuasive function. The special attention was paid to specificity of text record, especially to the use of capital letters and multiple use of punctuation marks.
  • Agnieszka Ewa Zygmunt : He earns money and she rocks a baby, i.e. the role of a man and a woman in a family according to Nowy słownik poprawnej Polszczyzny PWN

    In dictionaries people rarely search for ideological or world-views essence. The research on sex stereotypes in Nowy słownik poprawnej polszczyzny PWN shows that examples of word usage can be a very rich source material to this kind of analysis.

    In the article I tried to prove that stereotypic perception of a man and a woman and their roles in a family is still deeply ingrained in people’s thinking – even now when it is significantly different from reality. Examples from the dictionary show that a woman’s domain is her private sphere and a man’s a public one. It is simplified and somewhat misrepresented view of the world. Admittedly, one cannot expect from dictionaries to fight with stereotypes because that is not their role, but it is good to be aware of such a problem and try to minimalize it.

    I have reached for content and discourse analysis i.e. for methods from linguistics and social studies. They enable to study short, separate utterances as a uniform narration and show that there emerges a coherent, surprising linguistic portait of differencies between women and men.


  • Kordian Bakuła : Remarks on language learning in core curriculum from 2009
  • Joanna Zawadka : Report from the International Scientific Conference Dyslexia in adulthood – Gdańsk, 28–29th November 2009
  • Monika Kresa : Report from promotion of the portal Gwary polskie. Przewodnik multimedialny edited by Halina Karaś (www.gwarypolskie.uw.edu.pl)


  • Marta Piasecka : Jolanta Chojak, Zrozumieć jak. Studium składniowo-semantyczne, Warszawa 2009
  • Stanisław Cygan : Andrzej S. Dyszak, Jak mówili bydgoszczanie. Mały słownik gwary bydgoskiej, Bydgoszcz 2008
  • Justyna Walczak : Współczesne teorie przekładu. Antologia, red. Piotr Bukowski i Magda Heydel, Kraków 2009


  • Ewa Rudnicka : Miszmasz, czyli kogel-mogel III (Muddle, i.e. Hotchpotch)