The author focuses on demonstrating the issues: how grasping the world mentally by a human being is reflected in structures of morphological derivatives used in a given statement, what their function in linguistic communication is. The overview of derivatives with the segment bio- (bio-) and eko- (eco-) from the perspective of a linguistic usage provides information about linguistic methods in which the cognising mind captures the reality (situation) which has not been named before, as it has been non-existent, not identified in terms of cognition (e.g. bioatak (a bioattack) ‘a terrorist attack with the use of biological warfare’), and also (less frequently) – one which has been known, yet is interpreted in a new manner, e.g. biopiractwo (biopiracy) ‘a practice in which groups appropriate the knowledge of the countries of the Third World regarding medicinal and cultivated plants’.
After looking closely at the contextual establishment of the morphological structures, the author indicates contextually specified semantic profiles characteristic of this group of composites. In further parts of the discussion, she presents how the tension between the sender and the recipient is shaped in a linguistic usage and briefly characterises functions of derivatives with bioand eko- in selected types of media message.
This paper contains a discussion of contemporary sermons by Rev. Kacper Radzki and Rev. Eugeniusz Burzyk, which – against other representative pieces of the genre – stand out for their micro-text form and composition based on the triptych convention, and hence the name used in the study – triptych micro-sermons. When describing the identified variant of the sermon, the author uses methods of linguistic genology. Texts representing the variant, falling into the stream of seeking a new model of sermon, break with the genre model and take up polemics with the genre tradition. The object of this study is reorganisation of the genre, which serves making it more up-to-date, strategies leading to that, and establishment of a separate genre variant. This study presents micro-sermons against contextual considerations: cultural and communication transformations determined by the development of digital technologies and crisis of sermon as the most commonly criticised genre these days.
Research shows that the discussed variant is underlain by reorganization of the structural layer, selection of the micro-text form and the convention of triptych, the origin of which is sacral, as a composition pattern. The two categories condition organisation of other aspect of the text. What is also significant for shaping new sermons is the strategy of genre and discourse hybridisation, which is becoming another carrier of meaning. The multifaceted nature of hybridization results in the formation of an anti-genre, which is represented by one group of the analysed micro-sermons.
Both the practice of language communication and media research prove that the Internet is becoming the most significant means of communicating information and one of the most important sources of knowledge. This applies also to the knowledge of language and culture of language, which is generally, including in the view of researchers, considered unsatisfactory. This state of affairs encourages an overview of Internet resources aimed at answering the question what can be learnt from them about culture of language and its central concepts: the standard and the error.
The results of the research are not optimistic. The online materials positioned among the top three contain numerous both substantive and linguistic errors (which is pointed to by Internet users themselves); mental chaos and ineptness in formulating judgments is noticeable there. Their authors have no control over the text, which is often inconsistent and does not meet the requirements of logic; there are no references to the literature used and therefore some of the discussed texts can be considered plagiarisms.