The paper describes three regional dictionaries from the north-central region of Małopolska (Lesser Poland) by Oskar Kolberg, Father Władysław Siarkowski and Zygmunt Wasilewski. They contain records of the nineteenth-century lexicon from individual villages (Jaksice, Koszyce gmina, Pińczów powiat, Kielce Governorate), or larger areas: Kielce Region (environs of Pińczów), and Sandomierz Region. The lexical material was collected around the same time – in the period 1865-1895.
When characterising sets of words, the followingissues are taken into consideration: a) the time of creating the glossariesy; b) the volume; c) the territorial reach; d) the macrostructure of the dictionaries; e) the microstructure of the dictionaries.
The lexical material contained in the dictionaries is primarily a source of knowledge about the oldest state of Małopolska dialects (more precisely, the north-central region of Małopolska), a source of research of Polish dialects in general, but it also gives an insight into the techniques used by unqualified lexicographers, enthusiasts, hobbyists, admirers of folk artefacts, whose activities helped preserve the speech of residents of rural areas and save it from oblivion at times when Poland was not an independent country.
This paper is dedicated to an analysis of contemporary colloquial Polish in terms of presence of personal names in Warsaw dialect as well as to a comparison of the meanings of the examined lexemes over time.
The study consisted in selecting personal names from Słownik gwary warszawskiej XIX w. (Dictionary of the 19th-century Warsaw dialect) by Bronisław Wieczorkiewicz, grouping them into semantic fields and investigating which of them are present in selected contemporary lexicographic sources. Definitions of the examined words from SGW were compared to their meanings in contemporary sources in order to assess which semantic changes had occurred over time. The analysed lexical material was used also for outlining the linguistic worldview characteristic of speakers of Warsaw dialect.
What follows from the analysis of the material is that more than half of the lexemes selected from SGW have been used in colloquial Polish to date, with the majority of them having an unchanged or insignificantly changed meaning.
This paper presents one of the aspects of research on the environmental and professional language of amateur runners. The manifestations of the trend for brevity in the group’s sociolect presented in the text are related not only with lexis but also with non-dictionary phenomena. What is noticeable in the language of runners is processes of eponym appellativisation, application of a specific syntactic model, and – as regards word formation – frequent univerbation and negative derivation as well as formation of acronyms (instead of their two- or three-word bases). This paper contains numerous examples derived from a dictionary created in the course of the research, which gathers units excerpted from the heard utterances of runners and their posts on blogs.
Brevity in the sociolect of amateur runners is aimed at simplifying and accelerating the communication process although this is the case mainly with those who are wellestablished in this social group.