ISSUE 5 / 2013


  • Anna Pajdzińska : Word decomposition as a device of poetic expression
    This paper regards one of the manifestations of a creative approach to lexical items in the contemporary Polish poetry – word decomposition. The analysis of ten-odd examples from the works by Julian Tuwim, Jacek Karczmarski, Miron Białoszewski and Robert Tekieli proves that decomposition assumes various forms: segmenting a word into meaningful or asemantic particles – with the division signalised graphically (with a hyphen or a special line notation) or not; reducing a word by certain components; subjecting a part of a word to additional operations. Word decompositions – earlier nearly exclusively humorous or satirical – in the 20th-century Polish poetry were strongly semanticised and functionally subordinate to specific works and at the same time fulfilled more general functions: they characterised the processes occurring in the depicted world and became an exponent of reflection on the relation between language and extralinguistic reality. Particularly in the works by Robert Tekieli, in combination with the applied line structure, they express the situation of uncertainly of the contemporary human being and the sense of extreme relativism of meanings and values.
  • Urszula Sokólska : Understatement and ambiguity as a strategic component of the poetic language game in the Polish poetry of the turn of the century
    This paper attempts to describe several stylistic mechanisms responsible for creating language games in selected works by Agnieszka Osiecka, Tadeusz Różewicz, Andrzej Sosnowski and Ryszard Krynicki. Phenomena related to words homonymy and ambiguity as well as varied stylistic markedness of phraseological units are taken into account.
  • Romualda Piętkowa : “Uchwycić niepochwytność w dwa przyległe słowa” (“To capture the uncapturable in two adjacent words”) – a spatial dimension of deixis in poetry

    The object of this paper is presenting deixis as a principle organising the relations of the “experiencing lyrical subject” immersed in the space of a poetic text and the space of the world.

    The analysis of the manners of expressing space in the contemporary poetry allows the observation that the multiplicity of interpretations of metaphorical meanings assumes parameters of the physical space in which human beings participate as a point of reference. The surrounding reality opens new possibilities to the poetry presenting mental and observational parameters. The ‘here and now’ perception is entangled in earlier experience structures. The space in the contemporary Polish poetry is not a space of order and harmony – it is a heterogeneous and inconsistent space. In the place of clearly outlined spatial oppositions serving the representation and valuation of the world in the earlier poetry, the poetry of the recent years provides the image of entangled knots, unmatching pieces of jigsaw puzzles or a labyrinth of the city – the metaphor of a geometric spatial order gives way to the Deleuze’s metaphor of rhizomes.

    The invariable tendencies of the new poetry are: presenting peripheral spaces and indicating the creation space, that is the author’s here and now.

  • Jolanta Kowalewska-Dąbrowska : “Być jeńcem drobiny czasu” (“To be a hostage of a mite of time”) in Anna Kamieńska’s poetic world
    This paper is aimed at presenting manners of categorising time in Anna Kamieńska’s poetry. Such poems are subject to analysis wherein the category of TIME plays an important role. The conducted analyses proved that the poetic vision of time is based on its image established culturally but the manners of creating the poetic vision are highly individualised. Hence, time is expressed in spatial categories and is closely related to depicting the human life as a journey in time. In Kamieńska’s works, the most noticeable property of the terrestrial time is continuous and slow movement that is independent of the human will and directed towards eternity. Time is composed of shorter sections (e.g. days, moments, seconds). The terrestrial time is valuated both negatively and positively, whereas eternity – always positively.
  • Jadwiga Puzynina : About moving poetry by Wojciech Kudyba

    The preliminary part of the paper includes biographical data about Wojciech Kudyba and an outline of his poetic works. The further part of the text is devoted to characterising three latest collections of his poems. These are Tyszowce i inne miejsca (Tyszowece and other towns – 2005), Gorce Pana (Gorce of the Lord – 2007) and Ojciec się zmienia (The father is changing – 2011).

    All poems by Wojciech Kudyba are characterised by persistent observation of the hidden agenda of the reality – the nature, its components and life, various places and products of culture, human experiences and behaviours. His poems reflect an intense contact with God, which lets him (also in the periods of difficult experiences) maintain a spiritual balance, gives the sense of purpose, internal strength, joy of life that does not avoid manifestations of humour.

    What is striking in this poetry is its originality and wealth of forms: multiplicity of symbols, beauty of metaphorics, surprising metonymies, meaningful enumerations and paradoxes emphasising complexity of the world; the style mosaics is astonishing – from the clearly poetic to the extremely colloquial, the exceptional variety of syntactic and versification structures that are always subordinate to the content requirements.

  • Teresa Skubalanka : About the style of the last poems by Szymborska
    This paper includes an overview of the last collection of poems by Wisława Szymborska titled Wystarczy (It is enough), which includes 13 complete works and 6 fragments. The dominant style of these texts can be described as aphoristic. The poet applies various forms of lyrical narration, with the allegorical level remaining the major one. A significant role is played by anthropomorphism. The finesse of expressions goes hand in hand with the simplicity and succinctness of syntax that does not shun the contemporary enumeration technique. The syntax of these texts can be metaphorically called “perverse”, full of plays on words and paradoxes.
  • Anna Kozłowska : Morphological neologisms in literary texts by Karol Wojtyła

    The aim of this paper is to determine the repertoire of morphological neologisms present in the literary works by Karol Wojtyła and to make a preliminary description of their structure and function. There are 46 new units in the discussed works; the majority of them are adjectives (27) followed by nouns (15) and verbs (4). Wojtyła’s neologisms are usually compliant with the morphological rules of Polish and demonstrate a considerable semantic transparency arising from their regularity. In several places, the poet strives for achieving the effect of archaism – he uses obsolete lexemes as derivational bases and applies formants that are unproductive today.

    Units considered neologisms occur in Wojtyła’s works 58 times in total. A vast majority of these uses are present in juvenilia, which permits the conclusion that creating neologisms is one of the components characteristic of the early works of the poet-pope, the works strongly dependent on the style of authors from the period of Romanticism and Modernism. The adoption of neologisms very rarely involves textual efforts emphasising their semantics in Wojtyła’s texts (although this type of operations performed on other morphologically derivational units are fairly frequent in the mature works of the author of Tryptyk rzymski (Roman triptych)), and his new forms perform a stylistic rather than nominative function to a large extent.

  • Barbara Masny : Metaphorical substantiality of light in Bolesław Leśmian’s texts
    This paper presents selected examples of Leśmian’s conceptualisation of luminous phenomena restricted to ones in which the basis is the popular metaphor LIGHT IS SUBSTANCE, modified and developed poetically by the author. I distinguish three types of the metaphorical luminous substance: liquid, solid and gaseous. Moreover, I show how the applied conceptualisation influences the dynamics of representation. In the interpretations, I refer to the terms used in cognitive semantics, such as metaphor, connotation, linguistic image of the world.


  • Agnieszka Ewa Piotrowska : Franciszek Sławski, Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego (Etymological dictionary of Polish), Kraków 1952–1982


  • Marta Godlewska : A report from a linguistic conference “Język – Tradycja – Tożsamość” (“Language – Tradition – Identity”) – Gdańsk, 26 November 2012


  • Milena Wojtyńska-Nowotka : Katarzyna Kłosińska, Etyczny i pragmatyczny. Polskie dyskursy polityczne po 1989 roku (Ethical and pragmatic. Polish political discourses after 1989), Warsaw 2012
  • Przemysław Wiatrowski : Małgorzata Święcicka, Pieniądz we współczesnej polszczyźnie. Studium semantyczno-leksykalne (Money in the contemporary Polish language. A semantic and lexical study), Bydgoszcz 2012


  • Beata Nowakowska : The wealth of tastes (about new names of meals,dishes and places)