ISSUE 3 / 2014


  • Krzysztof Maćkowiak : Growth dynamics of the Polish stylistic thought in the period 1910–1939

    The period 1910-1939 was the time of building foundations of Polish academic stylistics. This paper enumerates the most significant texts determining the said process. They contributed to creating the substantive base of the new discipline. There are no separate monographs among the discussed statements (although they were announced by S. Wędkiewicz and H. Gaertner). However, they were successfully replaced by longer or shorter articles stating the programme, polemical comments, and finally, reviews of particular material studies.

    We suggest dividing the emancipation process of the Polish stylistic doctrine, the opening of which was the text announced in 1910 under the title Dotychczasowy stan stylistyki polskiej i najważniejsze postulaty jej na przyszłość (The state of Polish stylistics and its most significant postulates for the future to date) by L. Komarnicki, and the ending of which was the outbreak of World War II – with full awareness of the conventionality of the distinguished stages – into three phases, i.e. the precursory period (1910-1914), the Kraków debate period (1921-1926), the multithreaded methodological search period (1930-1939). The most active participants of the debate taking place within the said timeframe included S. Wędkiewicz, H. Gaertner, Z. Łempicki and K. Budzyk. Yet the group of people writing about style and stylistics was continuously extending at that time.

  • Jolanta Kowalewska-Dąbrowska : The poetic image of death in rev. Janusz Pasierb’s idiolect
    This paper presents manners of creating DEATH in works by Janusz Pasierb. Semantic analyses of his poems apply assumptions of cultural linguistics, which adopts the linguistic and cultural image of the world as the basic research category. A reference to an individual poetic image of the world is the popular image of the world that is well-established in the Polish language. The performed interpretations of the works related to death (closely connected with life), which is an important existential experience, prove that the basic culturally established cognitive metaphor: DEATH IS A JOURNEY and LIFE IS A JOURNEY, is most common in those works. This metaphor is put into practice from the viewpoint of a man of faith, that is within the LIFE and DEATH IS A JOURNEY TO GOD variant. Semantic analyses demonstrate how, by means of which stylistic devices, the writer formed a specific individual image of DEATH falling into the framework of general cognitive patterns.
  • Małgorzata Karwatowska, Beata Jarosz : Communication and linguistic patterns in light of the contemporary literature
    Perceiving the role fulfilled by literature to date, communicating a socially significant system of values, teaching sensitivity and openness to others, helping understand their problems and learn motives for their conduct and behaviour, the authors make an attempt to answer two questions: Is the contemporary literature an indicator of a standard, a measure of beautiful and careful Polish? Is it then a model or an anti-model of communication and language for the recipient? They subject lexical layers of several novels published in the past two decades to analysis. They conclude that men of letters excessively freely and critically approach all standards, and make the language of the street a material for an artistic expression. Hence, antiaestheticism, that is a conscious opposition to and diversion from positive aesthetic values, and acceptance of aesthetically negative values, such as ugliness, quirkiness, strangeness, disgust, aggressiveness, brutality, vulgarity, is becoming characteristic.
  • Grzegorz Dąbkowski : Colloquialism in Polish and Czech headings
    This paper includes results of an analysis of colloquial elements in headings of Polish and Czech news portals published on the Internet within 90 successive days. The results of the analysis do not confirm the initial assumption that Czech headings are characterised by a higher degree of colloquialism.
  • Anna Suchodolska : The jargon used by Polish-speaking cardiologists and cardiac surgeons – a semantic and derivational analysis
    This paper is dedicated to the study of the Polish medical sociolect. This paper highlights that: 1) the lexemes that are most commonly used by Polish cardiologists and cardiac surgeons are related to operations, diagnostics and medical treatment; 2) the cardiologists and cardiac surgeons’ image of the world is “anthropocentric”; 3) linguistic creativity is a distinctive feature of Polish physicians; 4) the Polish medical sociolect could be characterised by the tendency for the sociolect-specific words to gain a broader meaning whilst the form stays the same; 5) Polish tends to borrow words from English.
  • Anna Piotrowicz, Małgorzata Witaszek-Samborska : The linguistic image of the woman in the Poznań dialect
    This paper aims to reconstruct the image of the woman comprised in lexical items of the Poznań dialect. The research material (circa 100 lexemes) were excerpted from Słownik gwary miejskiej Poznania (Dictionary of the Poznań urban dialect) edited by Monika Gruchmanowa and Bogdan Walczak (ed. 2. with a supplement, Warsaw – Poznań 1999). The image of the woman was reconstructed with consideration for selected semantic categories, such as age, physical appearance, personality, behaviour, social relations, professional life and forms of spending leisure time. This image in the Poznań urban dialect does not deviate – similarly to that of the man – from the popular image. What is visible there is primarily negative characteristics expressed by lexemes with a strong emotional tinge. Observations regarding the image of both sexes in the linguistic image of the rural population, where stereotypical perception of characteristics and social roles of women and men, were also confirmed.
  • Agata Kwaśnicka-Janowicz : The place of beekeeping terminology in variants of the Polish language
    This paper aims to define the notion of and its location in the lexical system of both historical and contemporary Polish. By the adoption of the sociolinguistic description methodology, this paper is also an attempt to engage in polemic against propositions to describe beekeeping terminology as a functionally specialised portion of dialect lexis (a type of folk terminology). The description of beekeeping terminology in sociolect categories permits its characterisation as a supraregional social and professional variant of the language, which – upon the disappearance of this form of forestry beekeeping – has been preserved in the archaic layer of the contemporary beekeeping and forestry terminology.


  • Alina Kępińska : Michał Abraham Trotz, Nowy dykcjonarz, to jest Mownik polsko-niemiecko-francuski (A new dictionary, that is a Polish-German-French speech book), Lipsk 1764


  • Joanna Szerszunowicz : A report from the international academic conference Australex Adelaide: “Endangered Words, and Signs of Revival”, 25–27 July 2013, the University of Adelaide, Australia


  • Monika Kaczor : Anna Cegieła, Moralność w perspektywie języka i wypowiedzi. Studium z zakresu leksykologii i pragmatyki językowej (Morality from the perspective of language and utterance. A study of lexicology and linguistic pragmatics), Warsaw 2011
  • Marzena Guz : E. Koriakowcewa, V. Machnicka, R. Mnich, K. Wojtczuk (eds), Verba docent. I. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana Profesor Janinie Gardzińskiej (Verba docent. I. A jubilee book dedicated to Professor Janina Gardzińska), Siedlce 2013


  • Dorota Połowniak-Wawrzonek : The connection Polak potrafi (there is nothing impossible for a Pole) in the contemporary Polish language