The article belongs to texts of synchronic linguistics, however, in coming to synchrony the elements of diachronic research have been used. The author, referring to the history of units based on stems szczegół- and ogół-, conducts the analysis of constructions with units w szczególności, szczególny and units with a stem ogół-. Such an approach – a synchronic one but combined with the overview of language over the centuries, which helps to observe the changing relations among units of both groups – allows for a deeper reflection concerning the current status. It also permits to understand a mechanism of recognizing units w szczególności and w ogólności as antonymous in Innym słowniku języka polskiego, edited by M. Bańko. It helps in performing various lexicographic reflections like, for instance,those which are connected with problems in recording dying and ambiguous units (at the example of a noun szczególność).
As a result of preliminary analysis of construction w szczególności – w ogólności, w szczególności – w ogóle the author recognized relations among the discussed units as non semantic. Moreover, contrary to linguists’ agreements, she indicated the existence of compound w ogóle (w + ogół) functioning differently from the particle w ogóle.