ISSUE 9 / 2009



  • Antonina Grybosiowa : Contemporary Tendencies to Reduce Syntactic-Semantic Variantivity
    The article raises the issues of variantivity occurring in contemporary Polish syntactic-semantic structures and tendencies to reduce their range in public speech. More economic variant is usually chosen, though condensation of the form of utterances often has a negative impact on its communicativity. The article analyses simplifications in derivation, expansion of unclear syntactic groups, reduction in the number of prepositions, new structures defining time relations, signals of colloquialism.
  • Natalia Urbańczyk-Adach : The Capacity of Using the Pronoun dla in Contemporary Polish
    The aim of the article is to present changes in the capacity of using the pronoun dla in contemporary Polish. According to dictionary descriptions and normative recommendations, the pronoun under discussion should be applied in sentences with a commodal meaning, i.e. associated with gaining advantage. However, currently, particularly in press texts and in discussions on the Internet, there is a tendency to spread the use of the above mentioned pronoun on sentences informing about a loss as well. The article includes a critical analysis of such sentences.
  • Adam Dobaczewski : Iterative Operations in Polish (Introduction to the Description)

    The aim of the article is to define initially the repertoire of a certain subset of Polish language units which I call iterative operations. As I understand them (based on Bogusławski’s 1978, 1988), these are operations whose operandum is the expression w, which represents an unclosed class (which is a unit or a connection of units), while the outcome is a repetition of the expression w (or else at least double occurrence: w w…; possibly with some additional exponents) within a single speech whole (a phonological sentence phrase).

    These operations contradict ready-made units including identical segments (compare e.g. aby aby, całkiem całkiem, on the one hand, and a textual phenomenon of repetition of an utterance or part of it, on the other hand. I distinguish the following types of such operations: A) units with segmental exponents, including Aa) those with prosodic ones (compare I–VII) and Ab) with positional-inflectional exponents (compare VIII–IX); B) units with segmental exponents (compare X–XVII). The abstracted operative units are not an object of detailed analyses, the repertoire of candidates for iterative operative units, as presented here, with their outlined description, is only an introductory outline of the research area.

  • Stanisław Dubisz, Zofia Zaron, Jolanta Chojak, Katarzyna Dróżdż-Łuszczyk, Piotr Sobotka, Celina Heliasz, Magdalena Horodeńska-Ostaszewska, Marzena Stępień : About Work on the Project Synchronic-Diachronic Studies on Contemporary Personal Names
    The aim of the article is to present assumptions of the research project Synchronic-Diachronic Studies on Contemporary Personal Names, financed from the sources for science of the years 2008–2011. The object of the research is common Polish personal names. The outcome of the research will be initially presented in the form of an Internet dictionary, and later, in the form of a printed publication. The article shows principles of selection of linguistic units described in the dictionary, major methodological assumptions, which the research is based on and the structure of an example of an entry article.
  • Izabela Kępka : Axiological Dimension of walka zbrojna (Armed Combat) in the Language of Priest Hieronim Kajsiewicz (1812-1873)
    The article is devoted to the issue of evaluation of walka zbrojna (armed combat) in the language of sermons by Priest Hieronim Kajsiewicz, the major preacher of the Great Emmigration, cofounder of the Community of the Resurrection. Its aim is to answer the question how evaluation of this notion in Polish manifests itself, what linguistic units serve it and how it expresses in the structure of the texts. The analysis has been carried out according to J. Puzynina’s methodological standards. The ultimate aim was to recreate author evaluation and to compare it with stereotypes within the author’s environment, which in case of sermons is particularly complex, as there are two overlapping systems of values – of sacrum and of social-historical reality in which the preacher lived. Armed combat, as presented in Priest Kajsiewicz’s sermons, includes, first of all, national uprisings and revolution. Armed combat is negatively valued. The worst evil is revolution, whose agent of action and leader is Satan. A national uprising is also negatively valued, though the preacher appreciates heroism and lofty purposes, pursued by the members. Thus, it can be stated that the manner of showing combat by the preacher in his sermons is the same as in the Bible (Christ-Satan). Only evil obtains more precise, contemporary and closer to the recipient, shapes. This way of evaluation of armed combat serves didacticism of the sermons.
  • Stanisław Cygan : Less Known ‛Ancient’ Quasi-Questionnaires for Polish Dialects Research

    Less frequently used in recent dialectological research questionnaires have undergone their own separate progress. Their former equivalents were guidebooks for gathering folklore materials, directions, instructions for researchers, i.e. the so-called quasi-questionnaires.

    The article is an attempt to characterize three of them: by J. Karłowicz Poradnik dla zbierających rzeczy ludowe (1871), by J. Baudouin de Courtenay Wskazówki dla zapisujących materiały gwarowe na obszarze językowym polskim (1901) and by S. Szober Kwestionariusz dla dialektologii polskiej (1902).

    Directions for folklore research (including dialects) inside the so-called questionnaires made the research easier and resulted in numerous works by researchers and amateurs. Thus the role of these research tools was crucial in the past, therefore they deserve to be acknowledged by contemporary explorers.

  • Renata Kucharzyk : What Does harpagan Have in Common with Harpagon?

    The article is devoted to the word harpagan, which has recently been introduced into standard Polish. Harpagan, whose existence has been registered in few lexicographic works, is defined as ‛a man of violent, impulsive nature and rough behavior’. Apparently, in colloquial speech, the word acquires other meanings, e.g. ‛a man who is efficient at work, hard working (sometimes working to much)’, ‛a stubborn man’, ‛a wicked man’.

    The article includes an analysis of how the word functions in colloquial speech and in dialects. There is also an attempt to reveal the origin of the word, as well as factors which have made it so common in colloquial speech.


  • Witold Mańczak : Krystyna Długosz-Kurczabowa, Wielki słownik etymologiczno-historyczny języka polskiego, Warszawa 2008
  • Krystyna Maksymowicz : Iryda Grek-Pabisowa, Małgorzata Ostrówka, Beata Biesiadowska-Magdziarz, Język polski na Białorusi radzieckiej w okresie międzywojennym. Polszczyzna mówiona; Język polski na Białorusi radzieckiej w okresie międzywojennym. Polszczyzna pisana, Warszawa 2008