Jadwiga Linde-Usiekniewicz : An Attempt of Classification of Selected Social-Political Terms
The article is an attempt of categorization of selected Polish and French social-political terms. An introductory categorization for Polish is based on semantic qualities considered by the author to be dominant in the meaning of a given term. Then she compared the outcome with hyperonyms in dictionary definitions. The same strategy of comparison was applied to French superior terms' relation to those presented in Thesaurus versus hyperonyms in definitions. The method allowed to notice that formally equivalent terms in both the languages are not precisely equivalent semantically.
Irena Szczepankowska : Public Discourse Jurisdiction in Mass Media
The author analyses an influence of juridical rhetoric on the language used in mass media by journalists, politicians and experts who comment on public issues. The legal approach prevails among other ways of perceiving reality, according to the author of the article. This phenomenon is related to the process of 'juridisation' of contemporary society's life. The author's attention focuses on linguistic aspects of the process whose results are both advantageous and ominous for the area of social communication.
Jan Kortas : The Terms Argot and Argotyzm in Polish Linguistic Nomenclature
The article analyses the place of the terms %argot' and %argotyzm' in Polish socio-linguistic literature. The range of meaning of these terms usually corresponds to the semantics of their equivalents used in French linguistics. These terms, often with a negative connotation, are used occasionally as synonyms of the terms %gwara' (environmental and professional, %żargon', %slang', currently being replaced by %socjolekt').
Karolina Bielenin-Lenczowska : The Ritual of Healing Charms as a Speech Act
The article analyses the ritual of healing charms occurring in Polish (and for comparison - Macedonian) folk culture as J.L. Austin's speech act. The work is divided into two parts. The former one examines the requisite conditions of the act, whereas the letter presents the participants of the act: the sender (charmer), the recipients (the illness or sacrum), the agent of action, or sacrum, and the object, i.e. the sick person. The ritual is an act of communication between the participants. Its analysis allows the author to understand the phenomenon and indicates causative power of word in magic practices.