This paper regards research on genres, that is established forms of communication activity between members of a (communicative or discoursive) community, conducted as part of philological sciences and beyond.
The author discusses the prospect to create a discipline combining theoretical, historical and practical perspectives. She describes fundamental difficulties involved in attempts to proclaim the non-adjectival genology. She considers the manner of defining the object of the research, in particular the notion of a genre and selected notional context components, that is discourse, style and text, a disputable issue. She also point to problems related to the tradition of mono-disciplinary research. She presents selected separatist tendencies and discerns chances for integration in transdisciplinary research, which go beyond philology.
This paper is dedicated to emotive lexis in literary reportage. The object of particular attention is ameliorative names, mainly hypocorisms, also playful, bawdy and ironic names, further indulgent, patronising, disrespectful and contemptuous names, as well as general names implying negative evaluation, which is frequently culturebound, or vulgar names. Depending on the collected material, semantic groups, such as names of people and groups of people, names of body parts, names of animals, names of places and architectural structures, names of objects, names of activities, and names of abstractions, are distinguished within each group.
Emotive lexis analysis permits the conclusion that literary reportage is in a way a synthesis of current affairs reportage and an artistic text. The authenticity and selection of facts, which constitute the main thematic background of a piece of reportage, is accompanied by its author’s unique style, which activates individualisation of the language used by protagonists, their psychological portrait and vividness of descriptions.