Stanisław Dubisz : The History of the Lexeme Democracy in Polish Language (lexicographical analysis)
The history of the lexeme democracy in Polish is five centuries long, dating back to the 16th century. It was adapted from Greek démokratía and has evolved in Polish increasing the number of meanings and terms associated to form the word family. The evolution also referred to nonlinguistic conditions as well as to the axiological categorization of the word. The material which the description is based on has been gathered from 12 Polish language dictionaries, both historical and contemporary ones
Monika Pietrucha : Evaluation in Dictionaries (based on the entry democracy)
The article is devoted to the analysis of the entry democracy in two Polish language dictionaries - one edited by Witold Doroszewski and another one edited by Mieczysław Szymczak. According to the author the word being researched is defined persuasively in the former dictionary, to follow the Marxist thought. Whereas the latter dictionary, edited by Szymczak, delivers a definition which is far less ideologically submitted. Lexicographical reflections are placed in the context of the research of the so-called banner words, which the word democracy belongs to. Positive evaluation of this word has dominated in Polish of the latest half of the century. Neutralization of the evaluations concerning democracy was typical only of Marxist ideology.
Marek Gawełko : The Rules of Functional Sentence Perspective and the Analytical Tendency of Languages
The author uses examples from Polish, five Romance languages (French, Portuguese, Spanish, Romanian, Italian) and from English to deny the relatively common assumption about the power of the rules of the Functional Sentence Perspective. The analysis shows that the FSP rules are less observed in non-positional languages than in analytical positional languages, which means that they are not as powerful as they are generally thought to be. Other languages of the world deliver still more arguments to confirm the conclusion.
Artur Matkowski : Małysz and Polish Speech
Remarkable successes of Adam Małysz, Polish ski-jumper have made him the idol of the Polish. The phenomenon has also been reflected in the language, where a collection of neologisms has appeared on various linguistic levels. This material is interesting both for a linguist and a sociologist as well as for a social psychologist. The author attempts to depict how the Polish influenced by the phenomenon have come up with referring to themselves and their country in categories of Adam Małysz, ski-jumping and a sport success.