ISSUE 10 / 2016



  • Halina Zgółkowa : Vocabulary of pre-school children. Two generations – two worlds

    The main subject area of this study is intergenerational confrontation of the lexical resource of pre-school children. The two generations in question are “parents”, that is people who were children in the period 1980–1983, and “children”, which is the generation of pre-schoolers in the period 2010–2015. Frequency dictionaries were developed for both generations on the basis of corpora of spontaneous utterances of children. A comparative overview of both lists permits identification of strictly quantitative changes (the dictionary of 2015 contains ca. 1,000 entries more than the previous one) as well as ones related to social conventions and development of civilisation, which are useful in thorough linguistic and psycholinguistic research.

    This is the basis for indication of two children’s worlds separated from each other with a thirty years’ generational caesura, detection of (lexical and grammatical) linguistic creation areas. What is common for both frequency lists is the regularity consisting in the fact that the list of ten most frequent entries (usually synsemantic words) constitutes ca. 25% of all that were used in samples of 100 thousand, which is the so-called text coverage percentage.

  • Anna Piotrowicz, Małgorzata Witaszek-Samborska : The urban dialect of Poznań in the public domain as an instrument for reinforcing the sense of local identity
    The urban dialect of Poznań has been consciously and purposefully used in journalistic and artistic texts, i.a. in the media (in particular in the press and radio) and on stage, for decades. The trend for yet another functionalisation of the regional lexis in the urban space, i.e. using it in various areas of life for persuasion, ludic and expressive purposes and for promotion of the city, has become clear in the recent years. The authors of this paper quote examples of regional lexis i.a. in proper names (of restaurants, shops, service points, education establishments, sports facilities, cultural events), in names of commercially available foods, in inscriptions on city promotional gadgets, in official texts of city institutions, etc. They also record manifestations of a spontaneous initiative taken by inhabitants of Poznań in the form of graffiti painted on walls. Such examples are evidence of vitality of the regional variant of the language in Poznań. Its use in the public domain reinforces the sense of local identity of inhabitants of Poznań.
  • Anna Wojciechowska : On communication within the Kossak family
    These discussions fall into the stream of studies on pragmatic aspects of linguistic communication, are connected with the research on family language/style, familect, privacy discourse. Based on an analysis of the texts by and about the Kossak family (letters, notes, memoirs, biographical stories), this paper outlines selected aspects of interfamily communication: favourite expressions and humorous stylisation devices. The analysis has permitted the observation that the Kossak family’s statements are abundant with (positive and negative) linguistic expression devices, contain encrypted elements, and are characterised by high creativity. The addressee’s astonishment and amusement seems to be the main intention of a majority of the analysed linguistic behaviours.
  • Ewa Lipińska, Anna Seretny : Heritage language – the Polish language used by generations of Polish communities abroad
    The term heritage language has been functioning in the relevant world literature since the late 1990s. It began to be used in Polish publications somewhat later gradually gaining acceptance in the circles of researchers, teachers and users. Its popularity ensures its broad application in various subdisciplines of linguistics – it is used not only by language educationalists, but also psycho-, ethno-, and sociolinguists. This study outlines the specificity of the notion of heritage language with particular focus on its significance in ethnic education and usefulness when differentiating between natural and cognitive bilingualism, and describing linguistic competences of users, which are largely determined by being part of a given generation of the Polish community abroad.
  • Monika Sułkowska : Phraseological competences in the process of teaching a foreign language
    The author describes the notion of phraseological competences and presents the results of her diagnostic study conducted among students of Applied Linguistics: French and Romance Studies at the University of Silesia in Katowice over three subsequent academic years. The aim of the diagnosis was to investigate the development of phraseological competences at a more advanced level of command of a foreign language. The results served also the purpose of analysing the relationship between comprehension and acquisition of phraseologisms in a foreign language and the level of their idiomatisation or phraseological consolidation.


  • Izabela Stąpor : Gramatyka języka polskiego (Polish grammar) by Adam Antoni Kryński


  • Agnieszka Kołodziej, Tomasz Piasecki : A report on a Polish nationwide scientific conference „Małe języki Europy” (“Small European languages”), Wrocław, 23 May 2016
  • Małgorzata Potent-Ambroziewicz : A report on a scientific conference „Edukacja polonistyczna – metamorfozy” (“Polish language education – metamorphoses”), Lublin, 26–27 September 2016


  • Bogdan Walczak : Stanisław Koziara, Szkice z polskiej frazeologii biblijnej (Sketches from the Polish Biblical phraseology), Łask 2015
  • Monika Biesaga : Gabriela Olchowa, Mieczysław Balowski (eds), Języki słowiańskie w procesie przemian (Slavic languages in the process of transformation), Banská Bystrica 2015


  • Zofia Smuga : The lexeme wykon [an informal shortened form of the word wykonanie (performance)]