PORADNIK JĘZYKOWY

ISSUE 9 / 2019

  • A letter to Mr Jarosław Gowin, Minister of Science and Higher Education

ARTICLES AND DISSERTATIONS

  • Magdalena Danielewiczowa : Dziewczyna o perłowych włosach, dziewczyna z perłowymi włosami (a girl with pearly hair): prepositional attributive phrases. Syntax, order, meaning

    This paper concerns Polish prepositional attributive phrases representing o NP and z NP structures, e.g. dziewczyna o perłowych włosach and dziewczyna z perłowymi włosami (a girl with pearly hair), respectively. The author’s claim isthat these structures, although very similar, are not semantically identical. The former refers to an inherent property of a given object, while the latter shows an accidental feature. A number of linguistic arguments are presented in favour of this claim. An attempt is made also to define the meanings of the discussedstructures. At the end of the paper, the author discusses some problems ofordering the expressions in question and points to the necessity of further research on this subject matter.

  • Jadwiga Linde-Usiekniewicz : Double-headed relative clauses in Polish. A preliminary examination.
    This paper discusses the so-called double-headed relative clauses in Polish, introduced by a special relator który to, which in sentences bearing such clauses obligatorily agrees with the internal head. Such clauses have been hitherto overlooked in most syntactic descriptions of Polish. The inquiry is based on 291 citations obtained from the National Corpus of Polish, analysed for their semantic and syntactic features. The results show that double-headed relative clauses in Polish are marked as explicitly nonrestrictive (as opposed to standard relative clauses). While identical internal and external heads need to be separated by a phrase governed by the external head, there is no such constraint on nonidentical internal heads. These may have not only nominal, but also clausal antecedents. In addition, non-identity of internal and external heads allows an introduction of subjective valuation (in the internal head) and a switch from object language to metalanguage or vice versa between the governing clause and the relative clause.
  • Joanna Zaucha : Juxtaposition or syntax? Clausal phrases in the context of selected falsehood verbs.
    This paper is dedicated to the issue of determining the syntactic status of constituents of an utterance. The author, on the example of utterances using falsehood verbs, seeks syntagmatic properties permitting identification of the syntactic status of a subordinate clausal phrase. Thus, she takes a positive stance towards doubts regarding the discreteness and objectivity of the argument–modifier distinction. Based on the criterion of connectivity and/or character of a clausal phrase, the author distinguishes four sub-classes of verbs determining falsehood of ascription.
  • Mariola Wołk : Inny, różny, odrębny, odmienny (other, different, distinct, dissimilar). An attempt at identifying linguistic units.
    The aim of this paper is to identify linguistic units which represent the notions of inność, różność, odrębność and odmienność (otherness, difference, distinctiveness and dissimilarity). The outcome of the examination provides data which are indispensable in further systematic analysis of their meanings. Determining the number of linguistic units corresponding to a given term as well as describing their forms give insight into the syntactic properties of the identified units (which can become premises for strictly semantic conclusions). Detailed descriptions of the lexical exponents of all four terms are based on authentic textual instances of their usage (taken from the National Corpus of Polish). Observations which originated from the undertaken analysis are confronted with the findings presented in dictionaries of contemporary Polish. The solutions proposed in this paper, although they refer to semantics, virtually fail to go beyond the issues related to the problem of identifying linguistic units.
  • Karolina Sindrewicz : Sentence structures with verbs of movement in the speech of two- and three-year-old children.
    The aim of this paper is to point to the issue of acquisition of the syntactic and inflectional subsystems in speech development, and in particular to development of simple sentence structures. Based on the language material covering fragments of utterances made by 50 children, collected during a screening conducted in 3 nurseries in Praga-Północ in 2015, I made a brief analysis of the utterances constituted by verbs of movement, a class characterised by high frequency and free use by the children. The findings confirm the thesis that verbs of movement are a group with which children aged 2-3 are well familiar.

POLISH GRAMMAR

  • Oleksandra Kutiepova : On Gramatyka języka polskiego (Grammar of Polish) by Maksymilian Siemiginowski.

REVIEWS

  • Władysław T. Miodunka : Karolina Kowalcze-Franiuk, Bilingwizm polsko-włoski i tożsamość kulturowa emigracji okołosolidarnościowej (Polish-Italian bilingualism and cultural identity of the emigration related to the Solidarity movement), Kraków 2018.
  • Anetta Bogusława Strawińska : Halina Karaś, Język polski pogranicza litewsko-łotewsko-białoruskiego w świetle frekwencji cech językowych (Polish in the Lithuanian-Latvian-Belarusian borderland in light of frequency of linguistic features), Warszawa 2017.

EXPLANATIONS OF WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS

WORDS AND PHRASES